The tables in this publication allow the reader to make a broad comparison between the situation of the European Union and Russia. The publication is jointly produced by Eurostat and Rosstat on the basis of data from these two organisations as well as on the basis of data from the Higher School of Economics, Moscow. It contains an overview chapter, highlighting energy statistics. Further to this, statistics are given which compare the development of both regions during 1995-2005, such as population and labour market, living standards, economy and finance, agriculture, communication, science, trade, etc. The statistical tables and graphs are accompanied by descriptive texts and methodological guidelines.